Characteristics of the Prophet Muhammad part 21

by Ab Is at-Tirmidh

KEY: (Q), 'Al al-Qr, Sharh Sham'il (M) Munw, Sharh Sham'il (MS) Miscellaneous additions

1/50 Muhammad ibn Humayd ar-Rz narrated to us; Ab Dwd at-Ţaylis informed us; on the authority of `Abbd ibn Manr; on the authority of `Ikrimah; on the authority of ibn `Abbs (RAA) that the Prophet (SAW) said,

Anoint your eyes with ithmid for it gives strength to the sight and facilitates the growth of hair.

He also stated that the Prophet (SAW) had a kohl container from which he would smear his eyes every night: three times in this one and three times in this one.[1]

"Anoint your eyes with ithmid," (Q) i.e. persist in using it. Ab Dwd records "that the Messenger of Allh (SAW) ordered that ithmid scented with musk be employed when going to sleep, and he said that the one fasting should avoid it." The isnd to this is problematic.[2] Ab ash-Shaykh, al-Akhlq, records on the authority of `Aishah that the Messenger of Allh (SAW) would anoint his eyes with ithmid when going to sleep, three times in every eye. The isnd is da`f. "for it gives strength to the sight," (Q) because the eye is assisted in impeding harmful things that may fall into it, "and facilitates the growth of hair" (Q) i.e. the hair of the lashes. Ibn Ab `Aim and at-Ţabarn record on the authority of `Al that the Prophet (SAW) said, "Take to applying ithmid for it facilitates the growth of hair, removes harmful things, and clears the sight." The isnd is hasan.[3 ]

"He" (Q) i.e. ibn `Abbs as can be seen in the version recorded by ibn Mjah and the following narrations, "also stated that the Prophet (SAW) had a kohl container from which he would smear his eyes every night," (Q) before he went to sleep as the following narrations show and has already been mentioned, "three times in this one and three times in this one." (Q) i.e. the left and right eyes.

2/51 `Abdullh ibn as-abbh al-Hshim al-Bar narrated to us; `Ubaydullh ibn Ms narrated to us; Isrl informed us; on the authority of `Abbd ibn Manr;

(H) and `Al ibn Hujr narrated to us; Yazd ibn Hrn narrated to us; `Abbd ibn Manr narrated to us; on the authority of `Ikrimah; on the authority of ibn `Abbs who said,

The Prophet (SAW) would anoint his eyes with ithmid before he went to sleep: three times in each eye.

Yazd ibn Hrn said in his version, 'The Prophet (SAW) had a kohl container from which he would anoint his eyes before going to sleep: three times in each eye.'[4]

"The Prophet (SAW) would anoint his eyes with ithmid before he went to sleep: three times in each eye," (MS) Anas reports that the Messenger of Allh (SAW) used to apply ithmid to his right eye three times and his left eye three times.[5] (Q) It is established that he (SAW) said, "Whoever uses kohl, let him apply it an odd number of times." Recorded by Ab Dwd. There are two opinions with regards to the usage of an odd number of times: that one anoints each eye three times such that each eye receives an odd number; or that one anoints both eyes a total of five times: three times in the right and twice in the left as is recorded in Sharh as-Sunnah[6] (M) and at-Ţabarn on the authority of ibn `Umar that "when the Messenger of Allh (SAW) applied kohl he would apply it three times in the right and twice in the left, making the total number odd."[7] (MS) Anas reports that the Messenger of Allh (SAW) would apply ithmid three times in his right eye and twice in his left eye.[8] (Q) Some also said that one can anoint both eyes twice, and on the fifth time anoint both eyes with one (M) based upon the hadith recorded by ibn `Ad, al-Kmil, on the authority of Anas that "the Messenger of Allh (SAW) would anoint his right eye twice, his left eye twice, and then both of them with one."[9] al-Hfi ibn Hajr said that the strongest option was the first option.[10] al-Hfi al-`Irq mentioned that it was recommended to commence with the right eye as the Messenger of Allh loved to commence with the right. He also mentioned that it was best to do all the wipes of the right eye first and then the left by analogy to the way one washes the limbs when performing ablution.


ENDNOTES

1. Tirmidh [al-Libs] and ibn Mjah [at-Ţibb] (A) The isnd is da`f jiddan as I have explained in al-Irw [#76]. However the first part is ahh as it has supporting witnesses as I have explained in as-ahhah [#665, 724]

2. Ab Dwd [as-iym: al-Kohl `inda an-Nawm] says after recording this hadth, 'Ibn Ma`n said to me: this is a munkar hadth.' He also proceeds to quote that Anas ibn Mlik would apply kohl while he was fasting and that al-A`mash said, 'None of our companions would dislike the application of kohl for the one fasting.'

3. al-Hfi al-Mundhir said the isnd was hasan as did al-Hf al-`Irq and ibn Hajr and al-Albn, ahh at-Targhb [#2106] said the hadth was ahh.

4. Tirmidh [al-Libs] and ibn Mjah [at-Ţibb] with a da`f jiddan isnd as per al-Albn, al-Irw` [#76].

5. Ab ash-Shaykh, Akhlq an-Nab [p. 170] with a strong isnd as per Tahqq al-Musnad [5/342]

6. Bb al-Iktihl.

7. The isnd is da`f but it is supported by the narration of Anas mentioned next and the narration recorded by ibn Ab Shaybah on the authority of `Imrn ibn Ab Anas that "the Messenger of Allh (SAW) would smear his eyes with ithmid: he would apply it three times in the right and twice in the left." This is mursal ahh as per Tahqq Musnad [5/343].

8. Sharh as-Sunnah [12/119 #3205] with a jayyid isnd as ruled by S. al-Arnaţ.

9.

10. i.e. 3 times in each eye.


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