|And Allah sent down to you (O Muhammad!) the Book and the Hikmah, and He taught you what you did not know. And verily the favor of Allah on you is indeed a great one! |
Allah also says:
|These are the messengers, We favored some of them over others. From them is one whom Allah spoke to directly, and We exalted some of them greatly. |
The first verse establishes that there is a distinction in the virtues of the different messengers, and the second verse shows how some messengers are far more virtuous than others. And indeed Allah Most High preferred our Prophet (sallAllahu 'alaye wa sallam) in many ways. 
|"I am the sayyid of Adam's offspring, and I do not say this out of pride." |
A sayyid is one who possesses the most superior characteristics and highest manners, and thus holds an exalted position above the rest of the people. This title befits the Messenger (sallAllahu 'alayhe wa sallam) since he is the best of mankind in both this life and the next. As for this life, he was described as having the highest morals and manners. As for the next life, then the reward is connected to the manners and actions of this life. So if he (sallAllahu 'alayhe wa sallam) surpassed their best commendable acts and traits in this life, then he will also surpass their positions in the next life.
He only said, "And I do not say this out of pride," to make his nation aware of the position that his Lord gave him. Usually when people mention their own qualities our positions, it is from pride. So he wanted to eliminate any false or ignorant conclusions that would suggest that he mentioned his position out of pride by saying, "And I do not say this out of pride."
|"And on the Day of Judgement I will hold the flag of praise, and I do not say this out of pride." |
|"Adam and the rest of mankind will be under my flag on the Day of Judgement, and I do not say this out of pride." |
These virtues specific to our Prophet prove his high station. If nothing else, this superiority hints at the virtues of his character and his distinctively high position.
|"This is for me." |
|"I will be the sayyid of Adam's offspring on the Day of Judgement, the first to be raised from the earth, the first intercessor, and the first one to be given permission to intercede." |
This clearly shows his distinction (sallAllahu 'alayhe wa sallam) and superiority over the rest of creation.
|"Every prophet was given one supplication that would be immediately answered whenever he would ask it. Verily I have delayed my supplication so can I ask Allah to allow me to intercede for my nation on the Day of Judgement." |
So every prophet was given one supplication like this, and each one used his in this life, while he (sallAllahu 'alayhe wa sallam) patiently chose to use his for the next life to intercede for his nation.
|By your life, verily they are wandering about in a drunken state! |
The fact that Allah Glorified and Exalted swore by Muhammad's life (sallAllahu 'alayhe wa sallam) shows that he holds a very high position with Allah, since Allah only swears by the most outstanding things in His Creation. This proves his honor and prestige, and he (sallAllahu 'alaye wa sallam) is deserving of such a position, since his life was so generally full of blessings, every specific event bearing witness to that.
It has not been established that Allah Most High swore by the life of anyone else.
O Prophet! Allah is sufficient for you
and for the believers that follow you! 
O Messenger! Convey what was revealed to you from your Lord! 
This is something that gives him (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) a great distinction among the prophets, since Allaah Most High used only their given names when He called on the rest of them. This is evident from many verses:
And we said,
|"O Aadam! Dwell, you and your wife, in the garden!" |
And when Allaah said:
|"O 'Eesaa son of Mary! Remember my favor on you and on your mother!" |
|O Moosaa! Verily I am Allaah, the Lord of all that exists! |
It was said,
"O Nooh! Come down (from the Ark) as we granted you security and blessed you and some of those with you!" 
O Daawood! Verily we appointed you as a ruler on earth! 
And we called out to him, "O Ibraaheem!
You have fulfilled (what you were ordered to do in) the dream! 
They said, "O Loot! Verily we are messengers from your Lord! 
O Zakariyyaa! Verily we bring you glad tidings of a boy named Yahyaa! 
O Yahyaa! Take the book firmly! 
Imagine a man who calls one of his servants using a name that depicted his best qualities and most praiseworthy manners, and he calls the rest simply by their names. The high position of the one who is called by his best qualities and manners is firmly established and he is clearly preferred over the rest.
It is well known in people's customs that to call someone by his best qualities and manners is a way of showing great respect and honor for a person. A poet once said:
Do not call me except with, "O Servant!" |
For that is the most virtuous of all my names.