The Important Lessons for the Muslim Ummah
Translated by Khalid A. Al-Awadh
Lessons Eleven to Fifteen
The Eleventh Lesson:
Invalidation of the prayers:
Any prayer is invalid and nullified if any of the following acts are committed:
Intentional talking. Laughing. Eating. Drinking. Uncovering the parts of the body of which are not allowed to be uncovered during prayer. Excessive alteration in the direction towards the Qibla. Excessive moving outside the regular acts and movements of prayer, without a proper reason. Nullifying the ablution.
The Twelfth Lesson:
The ten conditions for performing ablution are:
- Intention and its continuity (i.e. the person should not intend to discontinue his ablution before its completion).
- If one performs Istinja' (cleaning the areas of natural discharges with water) or with stones, tissues, leaves etc. (Istijmar) before ablution.
- Water must be pure and Mubah (i.e. it is not stolen or taken by force).
- The removal of all things that prevent water from reaching the parts of ablution such as mud.
- Those who continually lose their ablution (for example due to release of gas, urine, or any reason that nullifies ablution), must make prior to prayers.
- Causes that requires ablution (e.g. urine, eating camel meat, sleep, etc.)
The Thirteenth Lesson:
The obligatory elements of ablution are:
- Washing the face, including rinsing out the mouth with water and cleansing the nostrils of the nose.
- Washing the two hands up to and including the elbows.
- Wiping the whole head including the two ears.
- Washing the two feet including the heels.
- Doing the ablution in the prescribed sequence, without delays.
The Fourteenth Lesson:
The six nullifying acts of the ablution are:
- Natural excretion, such as urine, feces, gas,...etc.
- Any unclean substance excessively discharged from the body.
- Losing one's reason due to sleep, loss of consciousness or otherwise.
- Eating camel meat (because the Prophet, salla Allaah u alihi wa sallam, ordered so).
- Rejection of Islaam.
- Touching the sexual organs with hand (without any barrier: clothes and so on).
Notice: Washing the dead does not nullify the ablution except for that the washer's hand touches (without any barrier) the sexual organs. Kissing women with or without desire does not nullify ablution because the Prophet, sall Allaahu alayhi wa sallam, once kissed one of his wives and prayed without performing ablution. This holds as long as there is no associated sexual excretions (e.g. semen). As for the saying of Allaah, Most Glorified:
"..or you have been in contact with women (by sexual relations)..."(4:43)
The contact with women is the involvement in a full sexual relation as related by Ibn Abbass (companion) and others, and it is the correct opinion.
The Fifteenth Lesson:
The recommended morals for every Muslim are:
Truthfulness, honesty, abstinence, modesty, courage, generosity, loyalty, refraining from everything that Allaah had made unlawful, being a good neighbor, helping the needy, and other morals stated either in the Holy Qur`aan or in the Prophet's, salla Allaah u alihi wa sallam, tradition.
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