Al-Jannah wal an-Nâr-The Paradise and the Hellfire [7/12]

0
22839

Paradise: the Eternal Abode

Paradise is the tremendous reward which Allâh (swt) has prepared for His
beloved (awliyâ) and those who obey Him. It is complete joy and pleasure,
where nothing is lacking and nothing can disturb its purity. What Allâh
(swt) and His Messenger have told us about it makes out heads spin because
our minds are not able to comprehend the greatness of such blessings.

(NOTE: If you want to build a strong and powerful relationship with Allah, check out Islamia TV, where you can watch Islamic speakers from across the globe deliver inspiring and motivational courses. Learn more at www.islamia.tv.)

Listen to the words of Allâh (swt) in this hadîth qudsi:

“I have prepared for My righteous slaves that which no eye has seen, no ear
has heard and has never crossed the mind of any human being”.

Then the Prophet ﷺ said,

“Recite, if you wish: “No person knows what is
kept hidden for them of joy as a reward for what they used to do”. (32:17)

The joys of Paradise are far greater than the pleasures of this world, which
pale into insignificance in comparison. Al-Bukhâri reports from Sahl ibn
Sa’d as-Sa’idî that the Messenger of Allâh ﷺ said:

“A space the size
of a whip in Paradise is better than this world and al that is in it”. (Fath
al-Bâri, 6/319, an-Nawawi’s commentary on Muslim 17/166)

Because admittance to Paradise and salvation from the Fire are according to
Allâh’s will and judgement, it is a great victory and tremendous success, as
Allâh (swt) says:

“Only he who is saved far from the Fire and admitted to the Garden, will have
indeed attained the object of life [or: been successful]” (3:185)

“Allâh has promised to believers – men and women – Gardens under which
rivers flow, to dwell therein [forever], and beautiful mansions in Gardens of
everlasting bliss. But the greatest bliss is the Good Pleasure of Allâh.
That is the supreme felicity [or success]”. (9:72)

“…and those who obey Allâh and His Messenger will be admitted to Gardens
with rivers flowing underneath, to abide therein [forever] and that will be
the supreme achievement”. (4:13)

Admittance to Paradise

There is no doubt that the joy of the believers will be incomparable when
they are led, group by honourable group, to the blessed Gardens of Paradise.
When they reach Paradise its gates will be opened for them, and they will be
welcomed by noble angels congratulating them on their safe arrival after
suffering so much hardship and witnessing so much horror:

“And those who feared their Rabb will be led to the garden in crowds, until,
behold, they arrive there; its gates will be opened and its keepers will say
“Peace be upon you! Well have you done! Enter here, to dwell therein”.
(39:73)

In other words, your words, thoughts and deeds were good so your hearts and
souls became pure and for that you deserve Paradise.

The Believers Will Be Purified Before They Enter Paradise

After the Believers have passed over as-Sirât (the bridge over Hell), they
will be kept on a bridge between Paradise and Hell, where they will be
purified by means of their settling any wrongs that existed between any of
them in this world. Then when they enter paradise they will be pure and
clean, none of them bearing any ill-will towards another or demanding
anything of another.

Al-Bukhâri reported from Abû Sa’îd al-Khudri (ra) that the Messenger of
Allâh ﷺ said:

“The believers will be saved from the Fire then they will be kept on a
bridge between Paradise and Hell. They will settle their accounts with one
another for any wrongs that existed between them in this world, until they
are purified and cleansed, and will be permitted to enter Paradise. By the
One in Whose hand is the soul of Muhammad, each of them will know his
dwelling in Paradise better than he knew his dwelling in this world”. (Sahîh
al-Bukhâri, Kitâb ar-Riqâq, Bâb al-Qisas Yawm al-Qiyamah, Fath al-Bâri,
11/395)

Our Prophet ﷺ will be the first to ask for the gates of paradise to be
opened, after Aadam, the father of mankind, and all the other great Prophets
refuse this task.

The First People to Enter Paradise

The first of mankind to enter Paradise will be our Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and
the first nation to enter Paradise will be his ummah. The first member of
this ummah to enter will be Abû Bakr as-Siddiq (ra).

Ibn Kathîr quotes a number of Hadîth [an-Nihayah, 2/213] that state this
such as the report of Muslim from Anas (ra) according to which the Messenger
of Allâh ﷺ said,

“I will be the first one to knock at the gates of
Paradise”.

Muslim also reported from Anas that the Messenger of Allâh ﷺ said:

“I
will come to the gates of paradise and ask for it to be opened. The
gatekeeper will ask, “Who are you?” I will say, “Muhammad”. The gatekeeper
will say, “I was ordered not to open the gate for anyone else before you””.

Al-Bukhâri, Muslim and an-Nasâ’î report from Abû Hurayrah (ra) that the
Prophet ﷺ said:

“We are the last, but we will be the first on the Day of
Resurrection. We will be the first of mankind to enter Paradise”.

Abû Dawûd reports from Abu Hurayrah (ra) that the Prophet ﷺ said,

“Jibrîl came to me, and showed me the gate of Paradise through which my
ummah will enter”. Abû Bakr said, “O Messenger of Allâh ﷺ, would that I
had been with you to see it!”. The Messenger of Allâh ﷺ “But you, O Abu
Bakr, will be the first of my ummah to enter Paradise”.

Those Who Will Enter Paradise Without Being Called to Account

The first group of this ummah who will enter Paradise will be those who were
pre-eminent in their imân, taqwâ, righteous deeds and adherence to the true
religion. They will enter Paradise in one rank: the first of them will not
enter until the last of them enters, and they will be as beautiful as the
full moon.

Al-Bukhâri reports from Abû Hurayrah (ra) that the Messenger of Allâh ﷺ
said:

“The first group to enter Paradise will be as beautiful as the full moon.
They will not spit, blow their noses or excrete. Their vessels will be
gold, their combs of gold and silver, their incense o aloe, and their sweat
of musk. Each of them will have two wives, the marrow of whose leg-bones
will be visible through their flesh because of their extreme beauty. There
will be no differences or hatred among them (the people of Paradise); their
hearts will be as one, and they will glorify Allâh (swt) morning and
evening”. (Kitâb Bid’ al-Khalq, Bâb Ma Jâ’ fi Sifât al-Jannah, Fath
al-Bâri, 6/318; Muslim, at-Tirmidhi)

Al-Bukhâri reports from Sahl ibn Sa’d (ra) that the Messenger of Allâh
ﷺ said:

“Seventy thousand – or seven hundred thousand – of my ummah will enter
Paradise; the first of them will not enter until the last of them does so,
and their faces will look like the full moon”. (Fath al-Bâri, 6/319)

It is true that with each one of these seventy, Allâh (swt) will give His
Prophet seventy thousand. Ahmad reports with a sahîh isnâd from Abû Bakr
(ra) that the Messenger of Allâh ﷺ said:

“I have been given seventy thousand of my ummah, who will enter Paradise
without being called to account. Their faces will be like the full moon, and
their hearts will be as one. I asked my Rabb, may He be glorified, for more,
and He gave me, along with each of them, seventy thousand more”. (Sahîh
al-Jâmi’, 1/350, no. 1068)

Ahmad, at-Tirmidhi, and Ibn Hibbân report with a sahîh isnâd from Abû
Umâmah that the Messenger of Allâh ﷺ said,

“My Rabb promised me that
seventy thousand of my ummah would enter Paradise without being called to
account and without being punished, and with each one will be seventy
thousand, and three handfuls of people picked up by my Rabb [i.e. it will be
a great number]”. (Sahîh al-Jâmi’ 6/108, no. 2988).

The Prophet ﷺ described the characteristics of these seventy thousand.
Al-Bukhâri reports from Ibn ‘Abbâs that the Prophet ﷺ said,

“I was
shown the nations, and I saw a Prophet pass by with a group of his people,
and another with a band of his people, another with only ten, another with
five, and another on his own (with no followers). Then I looked and saw a
large crowd of people. I asked, “O Jibrîl, are these my ummah?”
He said,
“No, but look at the horizon.” So I looked, and saw a huge multitude of
people.
Jibrîl said, “These are your ummah, and those seventy thousand in
front will not be called to account or punished.” I asked, “Why?” He said,
“They did not treat themselves with branding (cauterisation) or with ruqyâ
(charms) and they did not see evil omens in things (i.e they were not
superstitious): they put their trust only in their Rabb””. ‘Ukâsha ibn
Mihsan stood up and said, “Pray to Allâh (swt) to make me one of them”. The
Prophet ﷺ said, “O Allâh (swt) make him one of them”. Then another man
stood up and said, “Ask Allâh (swt) to make me one of them”. The Prophet
ﷺ said, ‘Ukâsha has preceded you”. (Sahîh al-Bukhâri, Kitâb ar-Riqâq, Bâb Yadhkul al-Jannah Sab’un Alfan bi Ghayri Hisâb, Fath
al-Bâri, 11/405)

These may be the ones whom Allâh (swt) has called al-Muqarrabûn (those
nearest to Allâh swt):

“And those foremost [in faith] will be foremost [in the Hereafter]. These
will be those nearest to Allâh [al-Muqarrabûn], in the Gardens of Bliss”.
(56:10-12)

More of them will come from the early generations than from the later
generations:

“A multitude of those [foremost] will be from the first generations [who
embraced Islâm], and a few of those [foremost] will be from the later
generations”. (56:13-14)

The Poor Will Enter Jannah Ahead of the Rich

Muslim reports from ‘Abdullâh ibn ‘Amr (ra) that the Messenger of Allâh
ﷺ said:

“The poor of the Muhajirîn will enter Paradise forty years ahead
of the rich”. (Mishkât al-Masâbîh, 2/663, no. 5235)

At-Tirmidhi reported from Abû Sa’îd, and Ahmad, At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Mâjah
reported from Abû Hurayrah, that the Messenger of Allâh ﷺ said:

“The
poor of the Muhajirîn will enter Paradise five hundred years ahead of the
rich of the Muhajirîn” (Sahîh al-Jâmi’ 4/90, no.4104).

Elsewhere the Prophet ﷺ explained that these are the people who have
nothing to be brought account for, and this is in addition to their jihâd
and virtue. Al-Hâkim reported from ‘Abdullâh ibn ‘Amr that the Messenger
of Allâh ﷺ said,

“Do you know who will be the first of my ummah to enter
Paradise?” I said, “Allâh and His Messenger know best”. He said, “The poor
of the Muhajirîn. They will come to the gate of Paradise on the Day of
Resurrection and ask for it to be opened. The gatekeepers will say to them,
“Have you been brought to account?” They will say, “What do we need to be
brought to account for? We were carrying our swords and fighting for the sake
of Allâh (swt) until we died.” Then the gates will be opened for them and
they will stay there for forty years before anyone else enters”. (Silsilah
al-Hadîth as-Sahîhah, 2/532, no. 853, al-Hâkim said it is sahîh according
to the conditions of al-Bukhâri and Muslim).

Al-Bukhâri reports from Usâmah ibn Zayd that the Prophet ﷺ said,

“I
stood by the gate of Paradise and saw that the majority of those who entered
were the poor and wretched. The rich [Muslims] were detained while the
people of Hell were ordered to be taken to Hell”. (Sahîh al-Bukhâri, Kitâb
ar-Riqâq, Bâb Sifât al-Jannah, wan-Nâr, Fath al-Bâri, 2/345)

Some of the hadîth quoted above stated that the poor will enter Paradise
forty years ahead of other people while others state that the difference will
be five hundred years. The two statements may be reconciled by pointing out
that the poor are not all alike, neither are the rich. As al-Qurtubî
suggested (at-Tadhkirah, p.470)

“The poor vary in the strength of their imân
and their achievements, and the same applies to the rich. If we think in
terms of the first of the poor and the last of the rich to enter Paradise
then the time-span will be five hundred years, but if we are thinking of the
last of the poor and the first of the rich, then the time span is forty
years. And Allâh knows best.” (Ibn Kathîr, an-Nihâyah, 2/345)

The First Three to Enter Jannah

At-Tirmidhi reported with a hasan isnâd from Abû Hurayrah that the Prophet
ﷺ said:

“I was shown the first three to enter Paradise: the Shahîd (the martyr); the
one who is chaste and proud; and the slave who worships Allâh (swt) with
devotion and is faithful and sincere towards his master” (Jâmi’ al-Usûl,
10/535, attributed to Ahmad, al-Hâkim and al-Bayhaqi)

The Sinners Among the Believers Will Enter Paradise

(i) They will be brought forth from Hell and will enter Paradise by means of intercession.

Muslim reports from Abû Sa’îd that the Messenger of Allâh ﷺ said:

“The people of Hell will remain there, never dying, and never living. But
there are people who will enter Hell because of their sins, and will be
killed therein, so that they become like coals. Permission will be granted
for intercession to be made, and they will be brought forth in groups and
spread on rivers of Paradise, and it will be said, “O people of Paradise,
pour water on them. Then they will grow like seeds in the silt left by a
flood”. [Muslim, Kitâb al-Imân, Bâb as-Shafa’ah wa Ikhrâj al-Muwahiddin
min an-Nâr, 1/172]

Muslim also reports from Jâbir ibn ‘Abdullâh that the Messenger of Allâh
ﷺ said,

“Some people will be brought out of the Fire, having been burnt
all over except for their faces, and they will enter Paradise”. [Muslim,
Kitâb al-Imâm, Bâb adna Ahl al-Jannah Manzilatan, 1/178]

The people of Paradise will call these people who are brought out of Hell and
admitted to Paradise, al-Jahannamiyyûn. Al-Bukhâri reports from ‘Imrân
ibn Husayn (ra) that the Prophet ﷺ said,

“Some people will be brought out
of Hell through the intercession of Muhammad ﷺ. They will enter Paradise
and will be known as al-Jahannamiyyûn.” [Sahîh al-Bukhâri, Kitâb
ar-Riqâq, Bâb Sifât al-Jannah wan-Nâr, Fath al-Bâri, 11/418. They are
also mentioned in a hadîth narrated from Jâbir by Muslim, 1/179 and
al-Bukhâri from Anas, Fath al-Bâri 11/416]

According to another sahîh hadîth narrated by Jâbir:

“The Prophet ﷺ
said,“They will be brought out of the Fire through intercession, as if they
are tha’arîr”.
I asked, “What are tha’arîr?” He said, “Daghabis [snake
cucumbers]”
“. [al-Bukhâri, Kitâb ar-Riqâq, Bâb Sifâh al-Jannah wan-Nâr,
Fath al-Bâri, 11/416]

Muslim reports a lengthy hadîth from Abû Hurayrah, in which the Prophet ﷺ
describes the Hereafter, and in which he says:

“…When Allâh (swt) has
finished judging mankind, and wants to bring whomever He wills out of Hell by
His Mercy, He will order angels to bring forth those upon who He wishes to
bestow His mercy of the people who never associated anything in worship with
Allâh (swt), and who said, “Lâ ilâha illâh Allâh”. The angels will
recognise them in Hell, and will known them by the mark of sujûd on their
foreheads. The Fire will consume all of a man except the mark of sujûd
which Allâh (swt) has forbidden the Fire to consume. They will be brought
forth, having been burned in the Fire, the water of life will be poured on
then, and they will grow like seeds left by still after a flood”. [Sahîh
Muslim, Kitâb al-Imân, Bâb ar-Ru’yah, 1/299, no. 182]

It was reported in more than one hadîth that Allâh (swt) will bring forth
from hell whoever has a dinâr’s weight of faith in his heart, or even half a
dinâr’s weight or an atom’s weight. Moreover, people will be brought forth
who never did any good deeds at all. Abû Sa’îd al-Khudri reported that the
Messenger of Allâh ﷺ said,

“Allâh (swt) will admit the people of
Paradise to Paradise and He will admit whomsoever He will by His Mercy. And
He will admit the people of Hell to Hell, then He will say, “Look for anyone
who has the weight of a mustard seed of faith in his heart, and bring him
out””. [Sahîh Muslim, Kitâb al-Imân, Bâb Ithbat ash-Shafa’ah wa Ikhrâj
al-Muwwahhadîn, 1/172]

One of the reports about Hell is the hadîth narrated by Jâbir ibn
‘Abdullâh (ra) concerning entering Hellfire:

“Then intercession will be permitted and they will interceded until whoever
says Lâ ilâha illa Allâh and has a barley grain’s worth of goodness in his
heart will be brought forth. They will be made to stand in the courtyard of
paradise and the people of Paradise will start to pour water over them, until
they begin to grow like seeds left by silt after a flood. All traces of the
Fire will disappear, then he [the person who was brought out of Hell] will
keep asking until he is given the equivalent of this world and ten times
more”. [Sahîh Muslim, Bâb adna Ahl al-Jannah Manzilatan, 1/178]

Anas ibn Mâlik reported that the Prophet ﷺ said:

“Whoever says Lâ
ilâha illâ Allâh and has a barely grain’s weight of goodness in his heart
will be brought out of the Fire. Then whoever says, “Lâ ilâha illâ
Allâh” and has a wheat grains weight of goodness in his heart will be
brought out of the Fire. Then whoever says, Lâ Ilâha illâ Allâh and has
an atom’s-weight of goodness in his heart will be brought out of the Fire”.
[Sahîh Muslim, Kitâb al-Imân, Bâb adna Ahl al-Jannah Manzilatan, 1/182]

There are many hadîths that discuss this matter.

(ii) Opinions of different groups on intercession.

The Khawârij and Mu’tazilah deny that there will be any intercession to
protect those who are guilty of major sins and have been ordered to enter
Hell from doing so, or to bring forth those who have already entered.
Al-Qurtubî said,

“This intercession was denied by the innovators, Khawârij
and Mu’tazilah. Their denial is based on their corrupt principles, which are
based on what they saw as rational thinking”. [[1]]

These reprehensible ideas which go against the muttawâtir sahîh hadîth,
emerged while the Sahabah were still alive. Muslim reports in his sahîh from
Yazîd al-Faqîr, who says:

“I was infatuated with one of the ideas of the
Khawârij, so a large group of us went out, intending to go for Hajj and then
go out to fight the people. We came to Madinah, where we found Jâbir ibn
‘Abdullâh sitting by a pillar, narrated hadîth to the people. When he
mentioned al-Jahannamiyyûn, I said, “O Companion of the Messenger of Allâh,
what is this that you are narrating, when Allâh (swt) says:

“And who You
admit to the Fire, truly You cover with shame.” [3:192]

and

“….everytime
they wish to get away therefrom, they will be put back thereto..” [32:20]

So what is it that you are saying?” He said, “Have you read the Qur’ân?” I
said, “Yes.” He asked, “Have you heard about the [exalted] position of
Muhammad [i.e. the position to which Allâh swt would raise him]?” I said,
“Yes”. He said, “That is the honoured position of Muhammad by which Allâh
(swt) will bring out whosoever He wishes to bring out”. Then he described
as-Sirât [the bridge over Hell] and the passing of the people over it, then
said, “I am afraid that I may not have remembered exactly what he said. But
he said that people would be brought out of Hell after entering it. He meant
that they would come out looking like the wood of the ebony tree; they would
enter one of the rivers of paradise and bathe in it, then they would come out
looking [white] like sheets of paper”. We turned back and said, “Woe to
you! Do think this sheikh would tell lies about the Messenger of Allâh
ﷺ? We turned back [from the views of the Khawârij] and by Allâh (swt)
every one of us abandoned this group except for one man”. [Sahîh Muslim,
Kitâb al-Imân, Bâb adna Ahl al-Jannah Manzilatan, 1/179, no.191]

The Khawârij and Mu’tazilah went to extremes with their claim that people
guilty of major sins [al-Kabâir] would never come out of Hell, and that the
intercession of those who interceded would be of no avail for them. The
Murji’ah went to the opposite extreme by stating that no-one who was guilty
of major sins would necessarily enter Hell, and believing that all such
people would enter Paradise without being punished at all. Both groups are
in conflict with the well-known muttawâtir Sunnah and with the consensus of
the Salaf and Imâms of this ummah.

Allâh (swt) has guided Ahl as-Sunnah wal-Jama’ah to the truth in this matter where others have erred, by His Will. They [Ahl as-Sunnah] believe that those who are guilty of major sins are subject to the will of Allâh (swt); if He wills, He will forgive them, out of mercy, and If He wills, He will punish them for His sins then admit them
to Paradise by His Mercy.

“Allâh forgives not that partners should be set up with Him, but He forgives
anything else, to whom He pleases.” (4:48)

“Say: O My Slaves who have transgressed against themselves [by committing
evil deeds and sins]! Despair not of the Mercy of Allâh, verily Allâh
forgives all sins. Truly He is Oft-forgiving, All-Merciful”. (39:53)

Shirk will not be forgiven, but any other sin is subject o the Will of Allâh. The one who repents will be as if he never sinned. The âyât that
the Khawârij use to prove that intercession will not be accepted actually
refers to the kinds of intercession believed in by the mushrikîn. They
think that interceding with Allâh is like interceding with rulers or
authorities on earth, where a person may intercede with someone (an authority
figure) without that person’s permission and even if the one in authority is
displeased with the one on whose half intercession is made. This is not so
in the case of Allâh (swt) may He be glorified. Several texts reject this
type of intercession, for example:

“Then guard yourselves against A Day when one soul shall not avail another,
nor shall intercession be accepted from him nor will compensation be taken
from him nor shall anyone be helped [from outside]” (2:48)

“Then will no intercession of [any] intercessors profit them”. (74:48)

“..No intimate friend, nor intercessor will the wrongdoers have, who could be
listened to”. (40:18)

Several texts explain that no-one can intercede with Allâh except with His
permission and unless He is pleased both with the intercessor and the one for
whom he seeks to intercede:

“Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His permission?” (2:255)

“and they cannot interceded except for him with whom He is pleased” (21:28)

“And there are many angels in the heavens, whose intercession will avail
nothing except after Allâh has given leave for whom He wills and pleases”.
(53:26).

Allâh (swt) also says about the angels:

“He knows what is before them and
what is behind them, and they cannot intercede except for him with whom He is
pleased. And they stand in awe for fear of him”. (21:28)

“No intercession can avail in His presence, except for those to whom He has
granted permission”. (34:23)

These âyât reject and refute the kind of intercession believed in by the
mushrikîn, i.e. intercession via angels, prophets and righteous people,
(“saints”), and confirm only that intercession which takes place with the
permission of Allâh (swt) and when He is pleased with both the intercessor
and the one on whose behalf he intercedes. Allâh (swt) is not pleased with
the kuffâr and mushrikîn. As for the disobedient monotheists, intercessors
will interceded for them, but they will not intercede for a mushrik.

Al-Bukhâri narrated that Abû Hurayrah (ra) said,

“I said, “O Messenger of
Allâh, who will be the most happy with your intercession on the Day of
Resurrection?” He said, “I thought, O Abû Hurayrah, that no one would ask me
this question before you, because I have seen that you are so eager to learn
hadîth. The one who will be the most happy with my intercession on the Day
of Resurrection will be the one who says Lâ ilâha illâ Allâh sincerely
and from the heart”
“. [al-Bukhâri, Kitâb ar-Riqâq, Bâb Sifât al-Jannah
wan-Nâr, Fath al-Bâri, 11/418]

The Last Person to Enter Paradise

The Prophet ﷺ has told us about the last man who will be brought out of
Hell and into Paradise and the conversation that will take place between him
and his Rabb, and the incredibly great honour that Allâh (swt) will bestow
upon him. Ibn al-Ithir collected all the hadîth on this topic in Jami’
al-Usûl from which we will quote the following:

(i) ‘Abdullâh ibn Mas’ûd (ra) said:

“The Messenger of Allâh ﷺ said, “I know the last of the people of Hell
who will be brought forth from it, and the last of the people of Paradise to
enter it. It is a man who will come out of Hell crawling on all fours.”
Allâh will say to him,

“Go and enter Paradise”.

So he will come to it and
will suppose that it is full. He will go back and say, “My Rabb, I found it
full”. Allâh (swt) will say,

“Go and enter Paradise for there you have
something like the world and ten times over [or you have something ten times
better than the world].

He will says, “Are you making fun of me – or
laughing at me – and You are the Sovereign of all?” I [‘Abdullâh] saw the
Messenger of Allâh ﷺ smiling so broadly that his back teeth were
visible. He used to say, “That is the one who is lowest in status of the
people of Paradise”.

[al-Bukhâri, 11/386, ar-Riqâq, at-Tawhîd Bâb Kalâm
ar-Rabb ‘azza wa jall yawm al-qiyamah ma’a al-anbiyâ wa ghayrihim; and
Muslim, with slight variation, no. 186, Bâb âkhir Ahl an-Nâr Khurujan; and
at-Tirmidhi, no. 2598 in Safah Jahanam, Ch. 10]

(ii) ‘Abdullâh ibn Mas’ûd reported that the Messenger of Allâh ﷺ said:

“The last person to enter paradise will be a man who will alternately walk,
stagger and be touched by the Fire. Once he has passed out of the Fire, he
will turn to face it and say, “Blessed be He Who has saved me from you.
Allâh (swt) has given me something that He did not give to the earlier and
later generations. Then a tree will be raised up for him, and he will say,
“O my Rabb, bring me closer to this tree so that I may enjoy its shade and
drink of its water”. Allâh (swt) will say,

“O son of Aadam perhaps if I
grant you this, you will ask Me for something else?”

He will say, “No, O
Rabb, I promise that I will not ask for anything else”. Allâh (swt) will
excuse him because he is seeing something that he has no patience to resist
so he will bring him closer and he will enjoy its shade and drink its water.
Then another tree, better than the first, will be raised up for him and he
will say, “O my Rabb, bring me near to this tree so that I may drink its
water and enjoy its shade, then I will not ask you for anything more”.
Allâh (swt) will say,

“O son of Aadam did you not promise Me that you would
not ask me for anything else? Perhaps if I bring you closer to this tree you
will ask for more?”

So the man will promise not to ask for any more, and
Allâh will excuse him because he is seeing something that he has no patience
to resist, so He will bring him closer and he will enjoy its shade and drink
its water. Then a third tree will be raised up at the gate of paradise, and
it will be better than the first two. The man will say, “O My Rabb, bring me
closer to this [tree] so that I may enjoy its shade and drink its water, and
I will not ask for anything more.” Allâh will say,

“O son of Aadam, did
you not promise Me that you would not ask Me for anything more?”

He will
say, “Yes, O Rabb, I will not ask you for anything more.” His Rabb, may He
be glorified, will excuse him because he is seeing something which he has no
patience to resist, so He will bring him closer. When he is brought close,
he will hear the voices of the people of Paradise, and will say, “O my Rabb,
admit me to it.” Allâh (swt) will say,

“O son of Aadam what do you want so
that you will never ask Me for anything else? Will it please you if I give
you the world and as much again?”

He will say, “O Rabb, are You making fun
of me when You are the Rabb al-Aâlamîn?”

Ibn Mas’oud smiled and said, “Why
do you not ask me why I am smiling?” They asked, “Why are you smiling?” He
said, “Because the Messenger of Allâh ﷺ smiled”. They asked, “Why are
you smiling, O Messenger of Allâh ﷺ?”
He said,

“Because the Rabb of the
Worlds will smile when He is asked, “Are You making fun of me when You are
the Rabb of the Worlds?” He will say, “I am not making fun of you, but I am
able to do whatever I will”””. [Muslim, no. 187, Kitâb al-Imân, Bâb
âkhir an-Nâr khurujan]

And in the version of Abû Sa’îd, he adds,

“Allâh (swt) will tell him,

“ask
for such and such”

and when he has stated his wishes, Allâh (swt) will say,

“You will have them and ten times more”.

Then he will enter his house [in Paradise] and his two wives from among al-hûr al-‘îyn will enter and say, “Praise be to Allâh (swt) who has created you for us and created us for
you”. He will say, “No one has ever been given anything like that which I
have been given.” [reported by Muslim, no.188 Kitâb al-Imân, Bâb adna Ahl
al-Jannah manzilatan]

Those Who Will Enter Paradise Before the Day of Resurrection

The first human being ever to enter Paradise was the father of mankind, Adam
(as),

“O Adam! Dwell you and your wife in the Garden and enjoy [its good things]
as you wish, but approach not this tree or you run into harm and
transgression”. (7:19)

But Aadam disobeyed Allâh by eating from the tree which Allâh (swt) had
forbidden him to eat from, so Allâh (swt) sent him down from the Garden of
Paradise to this world of distress and misery:

“We had already, beforehand, taken the covenant of Adam, but he forgot, and
We found on his part no firm will-power. When We said to the angels,
“Prostrate yourselves to Adam”. They prostrated themselves but not Iblîs,
he refused. Then we said, “O Adam! Verily, this is an enemy to you and
your wife. So let him not get you both out of the Garden, so that you are
landed in misery. There is in it [enough provision] for you not to go hungry
nor to go naked, Nor to suffer from thirst nor from the sun’s heat”. But
Shaytân whispered evil to him, he said, “O Adam, Shall I lead you to the
Tree of Eternity and to a kingdom that never decays?” As a result they both
ate of the tree and so their nakedness appeared to them, and they began to
sew together leaves from the Garden for their covering. Thus did Adam
disobey his Rabb and allow himself to be seduced. But his Rabb chose him
[for His Grace]; He turned to him with forgiveness, and gave him guidance.
He [Allâh] said, “Get you down, both of you – all together – from the
Garden, with enmity one to another.” [20:115-123]

The Messenger of Allâh ﷺ also saw Paradise. Al-Bukhâri reports from
‘Imrân ibn Husayn that the Prophet ﷺ said,

“I have seen Paradise and I
saw that its inhabitants are the poor..” [Sahîh Bukhâri, Kitâb Bad’
al-Khalq, Bâb ma jâ fi Sifât al-jannah, Fath al-Bâri, 6/318]

Among those who will enter paradise before the Day of Resurrection are
ash-Shuhadâ [the martyrs]. Muslim reports that Masruq said,

“We asked
Abdullâh ibn Mas’oud about this âyah:

“Think not of those who are slain in Allâh’s way as dead. Nay, they live,
finding their sustenance in the presence of their Rabb” (3:169)

He said, “We asked about that too, and the Prophet ﷺ said, “Their souls
are in the bellies of green birds, and they have lights suspended from the
Throne. They wander about in Paradise wherever they wish, then they take
shelter in those lights. Their Rabb will suddenly come to them and ask

,” Do
you desire anything?”

They will say, “What thing could we wish for when we
can wander wherever we wish in Paradise?” Allâh will come and ask this
three times. When they see that they will not be allowed to giver no reply,
they will say, “O Rabb, would that we could return our bodies and be killed
for Your sake one more time.” When Allâh (swt) sees that they have no wants
or needs, they will be left alone””. (Mishkât al-Masâbîh, 2/351, no.
3804)

Whoever dies will be shown his position in Paradise or Hell morning and
evening. Muslim reports from Ibn ‘Umar (ra) that the Messenger of Allâh
ﷺ said:

“When any one of you dies, he will be shown his position morning and evening.
If he is one of the people of Paradise, then he will be one of the people of
Paradise, and if he is one of the people of Hell, then he will be one of the
people of Hell and he will be told, “This is your position until Allâh (swt)
resurrects you to it on the Day of Resurrection””. [Muslim, see Muslim bî
sharh an-Nawawî, 17/300]


[1] Al-Khawârij are a sect that emerged after the battle of Siffin; they
denounced ‘Alî and Mu’awiyah, and whoever followed them, as kâfirs, and
claimed that whoever was disobedient to Allâh (swt) would remain forever in
Hell.

The Mu’tazilah are the followers of Wâsil ibn ‘Atâ’ who believe in
the Mu’tazilî doctrine that whoever commits major sins will remain eternally
in Hell, but does not judge their position in this life.

 

 

(NOTE: If you want to build a strong and powerful relationship with Allah, check out Islamia TV, where you can watch Islamic speakers from across the globe deliver inspiring and motivational courses. Learn more at www.islamia.tv.)



LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.