Weeping out of fear of Allâh part 2

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The Weeping of the Companions

On the authority of al-‘Irbâd ibn Sâriyah (ra) who said:

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  “The Messenger of
Allâh ﷺ gave us a profound admonition which caused our hearts to tremble
and our eyes to shed tears.” (Abû Dawûd, at-Tirmidhî, Ibn Mâjah)

On the authority of Anas (ra) who said

 “ “The Messenger of Allâh ﷺ gave us
a sermon, the like of which we had never heard before. He ﷺ said “If you
knew what I know you would laugh little and weep much!”. Thereupon the
Companions of the Prophet ﷺ covered their faces, weeping and sniffing (Bukhârî and Muslim)
[1]“.

The Weeping of Abû Bakr (ra)

Abû Bakr’s recitation in prayer could not be heard due to his excessive
weeping, as we have been informed by ‘Aisha (ra) who said:

 “ “During his
illness the Messenger of Allâh ﷺ said: “Order Abû Bakr to lead the
prayer”. ‘Aisha said, “I told the Messenger of Allâh ﷺ that indeed, if
Abû Bakr stands in your place (to lead the people in prayer) the people will
not be able to hear him due to his (excessive) weeping. So order ‘Umar to
lead the prayer.” The Prophet ﷺ said again: “Order Abû Bakr to lead the
prayer”. Then ‘Aisha told Hafsah: “Tell the Messenger of Allâh ﷺ that if
Abû Bakr stands in your place, the people will not be able to hear him due to
his weeping, so order ‘Umar to lead the people in prayer”. So Hafsah did
this and the Prophet ﷺ replied: “Desist! Verily you are like the
companions of Yûsuf[2]. Order Abû Bakr to lead the prayer.”” (al
Bukhârî)

 “ “Indeed Abû Bakr is a man of tender feelings, if he takes your place he will
not be able to lead the people in prayer”. (al Bukhârî)

The Weeping of Umar (ra)

The weeping of ‘Umar (ra) could be heard from the last rows, as it has been
reported to us by ‘Abdullah ibn Shaddâd, who said,

  “I heard the sobbing of
‘Umar from the last rows while he was reciting the verse from the Qur’ân: “I
only complain of my grief and sorrow to Allâh”. (12:86) (al Bukhârî, al
Bayhaqi (2/251), Sahîh)

The Weeping of ‘Uthmân ibn ‘Affan (ra)

On the authority of Hâni, the freed slave of ‘Uthman, who said

  “When ‘Uthmân
ibn ‘Affan stood at a grave he wouls weep until his beard was wet. So it was
said to him: “Indeed you make mention of Paradise and Hellfire and you do not
weep, and you are weeping at this?”. He replied, “Indeed the Messenger of
Allâh ﷺ said, “Verily the grave is the first abode of the Hereafter, if
one is saved from it then what follows is made easier for him. And if one is
not saved from it, then what follows is more severe”. He also ﷺ said, “I
have never seen a sight more horrid than the grave””
(at-Tirmidhî -ghareeb, Ibn Mâjah)

The Weeping of ‘Aisha (ra)

Ibn al-Hârith the nephew of ‘Aisha (ra) the wife of the Prophet ﷺ
narrated that she was told that ‘Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr (on hearing that she
was selling of giving a gift) said:

  “By Allâh, if ‘Aisha does not give this
up, I will make hijrah (ie boycott) from her.” She asked, “Did he say
this?”. They replied, “Yes”. Then ‘Aisha said, “I vow to Allâh that I will
never speak to Ibn az-Zubayr.” When this desertion was prolonged, ‘Abdullah
ibn az-Zubayr sought intercession with the people converning her but she
said, “By Allâh I will not accept the intercesson of anyone on his behalf and
will not commit a sin by breaking my vow”. When this state of affairs was
prolonged on Ibn az-Zubayr (ie he felt it hard on himself), he spoke to
al-Miswar bin Makhramah and ‘Abdur Rahmân bin al-Aswad bin ‘Abd Yaghûth, who
were from the tribe of Bani Zuhrah, saying “I beseech you by Allâh to (help)
me to enter upon ‘Aisha, for it is unlawful for her to vow to cut off
relations with me [3] “. So al-Miswar and ‘Abdur Rahmân went with him
wrapping their cloaks around themselves, they went to ‘Aisha and asked her
permission (to enter) saying “Assalâmu alayki wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu!
May we come in?” ‘ ‘Aisha responded “Come in”. They asked, “All of us?”.
She replied “Yes, come in, all of you” unaware that Ibn az-Zubayr was also
with them. So when they entered, Ibn az-Zubayr entered the place which
screened (‘Aisha from the other men and embraced ‘Aisha and started
requesting her to excuse him and wept. al-Miswar and ‘Abdur Rahmân also
started urging her to speak to him and to accept his apology. They said to
her: “You know what the Prophet ﷺ forbade regarding deserting (not
speaking to your Muslim brethren), for it is unlawful for any Muslim not to
talk to his brother for more than three nighst”. So when they increased in
reminding her (of the superiority of having good relations with kith and kin,
and of excusing others sins) and of the unhappy and unpleasant constrictions
that are a consequence of breaking the ties of relationship, she started
reminding them while she wept saying, “I have made a vow, and (the issue of
a) vow is a different one”. They persisted in their appeal until she spoke
to ‘Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr and she freed forty slaves as an expiation for her
vow. Later on whenever she remembered her vow, she would weep so profusely
that her veil would become wet with her tears”. (al Bukhârî)

The Weeping of Umm Ayman (ra) and Her Stirring of Abû Bakr and ‘Umar to Weep

On the authority of Anas who said: “Abû Bakr said to ‘Umar, after the death
of the Messenger of Allâh ﷺ,

  “Let us go and visit Umm Ayman (the
nursemaid/servant of the Prophet saw during his childhood), as the Messenger
of Allâh ﷺ used to visit her.” When they finished visiting her (and were
about to leave) she began to cry. So they asked her: “What is it that makes
you cry? Is not that which is with Allâh better for the Messenger of Allâh
ﷺ?” So she replied, “I am not crying because I am unaware that that which
is with Allâh is better for the Messenger of Allâh ﷺ but I am crying
because the revelation from the heavens has stopped.” This moved them to
tears, so they both began to weep with her.” (Muslim)

The Weeping of ‘Abdur Rahmân ibn ‘Auf (ra)

On the authority on Sa’d ibn Ibrahîm, that his father said,

  “‘Abdur Rahmân
ibn ‘Aud was brought some food when he had been fasting, and he remarked:
“Mus’ab ibn ‘Umayr has been martyred, and he was better than me. His shroud
was so short, that if his head was covered (with it) then his legs showed,
and if his legs were covered, then his head showed, and I witnessed this.”
He also said, “Hamzah was martyred and he was better than me. And now the
world has been spread out for us.” Or he said: “We have been given the
Abû ndance of the world, and we fear that we have been rewarded for our good
deeds here (quickly in this world only)”. Then he began to cry, such that
he left his food” (al Bukhârî)

The Weeping of Salman al-Farsi (ra)

On the authority of Anas (ra) who said,

  “Salman was suffering from illness,
so Sa’d visited him and saw him crying, so he said to him, “What is it that
makes you weep, O my brother? Did you not accompany the Messenger of Allâh
ﷺ? Is that not so, is that not so?!” Salman replied, “I am not weeping
for either of the following reasons: I am not weeping for the sake of the
world nor out of hate of the Hereafter. Rather the Messenger of Allâh ﷺ
entrusted me with a pledge, and I can only see myself as having
transgressed.” So he asked, “What were you entrusted with?” He replied, “He
entrusted me with a pledge that the provision of a traveller should suffice
anyone of us, and I see myself as only having transgressed. And as for you,
O Sa’d! Fear Allâh with your ruling when you make a judgement, and fear Him
with your distribution when you distribute, and fear Him with your intention
when you intend to do something.”” (Ibn Mâjah and others)

Thâbit said:

  “I heard that he only left twenty dirhams from the money that
he had (after his death)” (Sahîh Sunan Ibn Mâjah)

The Weeping of Abû Hashim ibn ‘Utbah (ra)

On the authority of Samurah bin Sahm, who said

  “I went to Abû Hashim ibn
‘Utbah and he had a knife wound. So Mua’wiyah came to visit him, and Abû
Hashim was crying. So Mua’wiyah asked: “What is it that makes you cry, O
Uncle?! Is it the pain or is it for the world (that you are crying)?” He
replied, “Neither, but the Messenger of Allâh entrusted me with a trust and I
wish that I had carried it out.” He said, “Verily you may attain some of the
wealth which will be divided between the people. Indeed, sufficient for you
is: a servant and a riding animal for the sake of Allâh.” So I did attain
this wealth and accumulated it (ie he acquired more than what the Prophet
ﷺ advised him to suffice himself with).”
(Ahmad, at-Tirmidhî, an-Nasâ’î, Ibn Mâjah)


(1) The sound of weeping without sobbing. The Arabic word used is khaneen,
meaning a sound which issues from the nose (an Nihayah). Al Hâfidh says in
al-Fath, It is reported as Haneen with a “h” by msot of those who related
Sahîh al Bukhârî and al-Kashmihani related it as khaneen; the first refers
to the sound that emanates from weeping of the chest and the second, from the
nose.

(2) al Hâfidh said in al-Fath: “The similarity between ‘Aisha and the people
of yusuf was that the wife of the ‘Aziz had invited some of the women (of her
town) to honour them with a royal feast but her real motive was that she
wanted to exhibit the beauty of Yusuf (as) to them. And ‘Aisha’s apparent
motive for requesting the Prophet ﷺ to spare her father from the
responsibility of leading the people in prayer was that (due to his being a
very sensitive man) the faithful would not be able to hear his recitation due
to his weeping (whilst reciting). However the more complete meaning here is
(her real motive is that she feared) that other people might see a bad omen
in him (in case of the death of the Prophet saw). It is reported by
al-Bukhârî, on the authority of ‘Aisha who said, “I persisted in my request
to the Messenger of Allâh ﷺ with regards to this as much as I could.
Because it never entered my heart that the people could ever love a man who
took the Messenger of Alllah’s place, so I wanted the Messenger of Allâh to
change his mind about Abû Bakr” (also in Muslim).

(3) al-Hâfidh said “Because he was her nephew and she was mainly responsible
for his upbringing”.

(NOTE: If you want to build a strong and powerful relationship with Allah, check out Islamia TV, where you can watch Islamic speakers from across the globe deliver inspiring and motivational courses. Learn more at www.islamia.tv.)



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