In part one of this article, we looked at the five times that Allah ﷻ mentions the honoured in the Qur’an, and how they are two of the creations of Allah ﷻ. The first is the angels and the second is the believers who will enter Paradise. In part two, we will look at some of the ways we can ensure that the angels supplicate for us.
The following simple good deeds enable the angels to supplicate for you by the permission of Allah ﷻ. We often take small deeds for granted, not realising the immense good Allah ﷻ has placed within them. Perchance, through these deeds Allah ﷻ will make us from among the honoured on the Day of Judgement.
Those Eligible for the Angels Supplications
The Prophet ﷺ said in the ḥadīth of ʻAbdullāh ibn ʻAbbās (RA),
| Purify these bodies may Allah purify you. There is no person who sleeps in a state of ritual purity except that an angel sleeps alongside him. He does not turn throughout the night except that the angel says, ‘O Allah forgive Your slave for he slept in a state of ritual purity. [Ṭabarānī in Al-Awsaṭ, vol. 1, p.408]|
Thus, the simple deed of performing wuḍū before sleeping is a means of mercy and having an angel by your side as you sleep.
There are many aspects of the prayer, and in particular the congregational prayer, that bring about the supplications of the angels, and more importantly of Allah ﷻ. It is these small deeds which are often ignored and neglected that can make the difference.
The first of these acts is to arrive slightly early for the prayer at the mosque and wait. AbūHurayrah (RA) narrated that the Prophet ﷺ said,
| One of you does not sit waiting for the prayer except that he is counted as being in the prayer, so long as he does not break his ablution. The angels supplicate for him saying, ‘O Allah, forgive him. O Allah, have mercy upon him.’ [Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim, no. 276]|
As you wait, try your utmost to find a space in the first row. Do not just laze around at the sides or the back of the prayer hall allowing others to precede you in good. The famous scholar, Ibn Ḥibbān collected on the authority of Al-Barā’ ibn ʻĀzib (RA) that the Prophet ﷺ said,
| Indeed, Allah and His angels supplicate… [There are a number of opinions as to what Allah’s supplications refer to. Some scholars stated that it refers to Allah mentioning that individual in this highest companionship. Other said it is the mercy of Allah or His blessings. Yet others said it refers to Allah purifying that person. The supplication of the angels is explained as being an actual duʻā’ or the angels seeking forgiveness for that person]|
| … for those who pray in the first row. [Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Ḥibbān, no. 2157]|
In the first row or any row, fill the spaces to the right of the imām before the left. A number of ḥadīth books record the narration of our mother, ʻĀ’ishah (RA) that the Prophet ﷺ said,
| Indeed, Allah and His angels supplicate for those who stand on the right side of the row. [SunanAbūDāwūd, no. 672 and Sunan Ibn Mājah, no. 991]|
It was also mentioned by the Companions that they used to prefer to stand to the right of the Prophet ﷺ in their rows behind him. [Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim, no. 709]
Then, once the iqāmah is called and people stand for the prayer, straighten the rows and more importantly fill in the gaps. If there is a space in the row ahead of you, hasten to fill it. If during the prayer someone leaves the prayer and a gap emerges in front of you, fill it. ʻĀ’ishah (RH) narrated that the Prophet ﷺ said,
| Indeed, Allah and His angels supplicate for those who connect the rows. [Sunan Ibn Mājah, no, 981]|
After the prayer concludes, remain seated for a while making your adhkār. Unless you need to leave do not be in a hurry to rush off. ImāmAḥmad (rahimahu) reported that the illustrious Companion, ʻAlī (RH) narrated that the Prophet ﷺ said,
| If a person stays in his place after the prayer, the angels supplicate for him. Their supplication is, ‘O Allah forgive him. O Allah, have mercy upon him. [MusnadAḥmad, no. 1218]|
In addition to all of the above, praying Fajr and ʻAṣr in congregation is extremely virtuous. The Prophet ﷺ said in the ḥadīth narrated by AbūHurayrah (RA),
Charity & Fasting
One of the ways to attain the blessings of Allah ﷻ and the supplications of the angels is to spend a small amount in charity every day. AbūHurayrah (RA) said that the Prophet ﷺ stated,
| A day does not rise upon the slaves except that two angels descend. One of them says, ‘O Allah, give the one who spends more. The other says, ‘O Allah, give the one who withholds misery.’ [Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī, no. 1442 and Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim, no. 1010]|
Similarly, for those who fast to eat the pre-dawn meal (suḥūr) is blessed. Imām Ibn Ḥibbān reports that the Prophet ﷺ said,
| Indeed, Allah and His angels supplicate for those who make suḥūr. [Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Ḥibbān, no. 3467]|
Being in the Service of Others
Serving others and helping them is an easy yet effective way of achieving Allah’s blessings and mercy. We often have needs and wants or sorrows and griefs, and for all of this we ask Allah ﷻ for His assistance. An additional way to do this is to actually supplicate for our brothers and sisters in their absence. The Prophet ﷺ said,
| The supplication of the Muslim for his absent brother is answered. There is an angel appointed to it. Every time he supplicates for his brother with good, the angel says, ‘Āmīn, and may you have the same.’ [Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim, no. 2733]|
Another good deed that is often neglected is visiting the sick. ʻAlī (RA) narrates that the Prophet ﷺsaid,
| A Muslim does not visit his brother except that Allah sends seventy thousand angels who supplicate for him, whichever hour of the day it is until the evening, or whichever hour of the evening it is until morning. [MusnadAḥmad, no. 754]|
The angels also supplicate for those who teach others what is good and beneficial. In the ḥadīth of AbūUmāmah al-Bāhilī (RA), the Prophet ﷺ said,
The above are just some of the good deeds by which we attain the supplication of the angels, most of them are easily performed and not very time consuming. Yet at the same time there are other actions that incur the curse of the angels. It would be too lengthy to discuss these in detail here. However they include cursing the Companions, not being forgiven in the month of Ramadan, one whose parents are alive and they do not manage to save themselves from the Fire, hearing the name of the Prophet ﷺ and not sending salutations upon him and the one who draws a weapon against another Muslim.
I ask Allah, the Most High, with His Beautiful Names and Lofty Attributes to make us and our families from among the honoured.(NOTE: If you want to build a strong and powerful relationship with Allah, check out Islamia TV, where you can watch Islamic speakers from across the globe deliver inspiring and motivational courses. Learn more at www.islamia.tv.)