The Wisdom Behind the Losses Muslims Suffered During Uhud

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The Wisdom Behind the Losses Muslims Suffered During Uhud

Allah states to His believing servants who suffered losses in the battle of Uhud, including seventy dead,

  137. Many similar ways (and mishaps of life) were faced (by nations (believers and disbelievers) that have passed away) before you, so travel through the earth, and see what was the end of those who denied.

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138. This is a plain statement for mankind, a guidance and instruction for the Muttaqin.

139. So do not become weak, nor be sad, and you will be triumphant if you are indeed believers.

140. If a wound has touched you, be sure a similar wound has touched the others. And so are the days, that We give to men by turns, that Allah may know (test) those who believe, and that He may take martyrs from among you. And Allah likes not the wrongdoers.

141. And that Allah may test those who believe and destroy the disbelievers.

142. Do you think that you will enter Paradise before Allah knows (tests) those of you who performed Jihad and knows (tests) those who are patient?

143. You did indeed wish for death before you met it. Now you have seen it openly with your own eyes.

  Many similar ways (and mishaps of life) were faced before you

for the previous nations who followed their Prophets before you, they too suffered losses. However, the good end was theirs, and the ultimate defeat was for the disbelievers. This is why Allah said,

  so travel through the earth, and see what was the end of those who denied.

Allah said next,

  This is a plain statement for mankind

meaning, the Qur’an explains the true reality of things and narrates how the previous nations suffered by the hands of their enemies.

And a guidance and instruction for the Qur’an contains the news of the past, and,

  Guidance for your hearts,

and instruction for the Muttaqin to discourage committing the prohibited and forbidden matters.

Allah comforts the believers by saying,

So do not become weak, because of what you suffered,

  nor be sad, and you will be triumphant if you are indeed believers

for surely, the ultimate victory and triumph will be yours, O believers.

  a wound has touched you, be sure a similar wound has touched the others [3:140]

Therefore, the Ayah says, if you suffered injuries and some of you were killed, then your enemies also suffered injuries and fatalities.

  And so are the days, that We give to men by turns

and at times — out of wisdom — We allow the enemy to overcome you, although the final good end will be yours.

  and that Allah may know (test) those who believe,

meaning, “So that We find out who would be patient while
fighting the enemies,”
according to Ibn ‘Abbas.

  and that He may take martyrs from among you

those who would be killed in Allah’s cause and gladly offer their lives seeking His pleasure.

  And Allah likes not the wrongdoers. And that Allah may test those who believe[3: 140,141],

by forgiving them their sins if they have any. Otherwise, Allah will raise their grades according to the losses they suffered.

Allah’s statement,

and destroy the disbelievers for it is their conduct that if they gain the upper hand, they transgress and commit aggression.

However, this conduct only leads to ultimate destruction, extermination, perishing and dying out.

Allah then said,

  Do you think that you will enter Paradise before Allah knows (tests) those of you who will perform Jihad and (also) knows (tests) those who are the patient? [3:142].

The Ayah asks, do you think that you will enter Paradise without being tested with warfare and hardships? Allah said in Surat Al-Baqarah,

  Or think you that you will enter Paradise without such (trials) as came to those who passed away before you? They were afflicted with severe poverty and ailments and were so shaken… [2:214].

Allah said,

This is why He said here,

  Alif Lam Mim. Do people think that they will be left alone because they say: “We believe,” and will not be tested?
[29:1,2],
  Do you think that you will enter Paradise before Allah knows (tests) those of you who will perform Jihad and (also) knows (tests) those who are the patient? [3:142]

meaning, you will not earn Paradise until you are tested and thus Allah knows who among you are the ones who struggle and fight in His cause and are patient in the face of the enemy.
Allah said,

  You did indeed wish for death (martyrdom) before you met it. Now you hate seen it openly with your own eyes [3:143].

The Ayah proclaims, O believers! Before today, you wished

that you could meet the enemy and were eager to fight them. What you wished has occurred, so fight them and be patient.

In the Two Sahihs it is recorded that the Messenger of Allah said,

 “ Do not wish to encounter the enemy, and ask Allah for your well-being. However, if you do encounter them, then observe patience and know that Paradise is under the shade of swords.[1]

This is why Allah said here,

  Now you have seen it:

death, you saw it when the swords appeared, the blades were sharpened, the spears crisscrossed and men stood in lines for battle. This part of the Ayah contains a figure of speech that mentions imagining what can be felt but not seen.


Footnote

1: Fath al-Bari 6:181, Muslim 3:1362.

(NOTE: If you want to build a strong and powerful relationship with Allah, check out Islamia TV, where you can watch Islamic speakers from across the globe deliver inspiring and motivational courses. Learn more at www.islamia.tv.)



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